Beethoven, Ludwig Van

Image of Beethoven

Ludwig Van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in December 1770 (Debated and noted that his baptism was on that date) to a family of musicians; His father and grandfather belonged to the ‘band’ at Electorate of Cologne (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electorate_of_Cologne). The place of his birth was known as ‘515 in the Bonngassc’, now known as ‘Beethoven House’.

At four years old, Beethoven began studying music with Johann, his father, who taught him to play on the violin and keyboard. In 1779, as his adroitness boosted beyond his father’s knowledge, he started learning irregularly from Bonn opera tenor Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer and soon became a pupil in organ to Van den Eeden of the Court Chapel. In 1781, moved to the successor of Eeden, Gottlob Neefe. Neefe had helped Beethoven to become the ‘Cembalist’ or keyboard player to the orchestra, which was essentially a conductor’s position, full of responsibilities including accompanying the orchestra in rehearsals. Neefe suggested that Beethoven ‘would be the next Mozart’. Beethoven replaced Neefe as the organist.In 1785 young Ludwig began studying violin with the father of composer Ferdinand Reis – Franz Reis.Two years later, Beethoven traveled to Vienna where his true journey began as he made the acquaintance of Mozart, who provided him with some lessons, and Emperor Joseph. Mozart was dazzled by Ludwig, who performed an unprepared piece on a theme given to him on-the-spot eloquently. For four years, starting in 1788, Beethoven played the viola and organ in the national theater orchestra and opera.Beethoven permanently settled in Vienna where he studied with Haydn. While Haydn left to England (1794), Beethoven studied with other masters and spent some time with Salieri. And short years later, were the first signs of his hearing problems. Until 1813, he gradually reduced conducting and performing in public – ashamed of his secret. A viola piece exists that is sometimes labeled as composed or arranged by Beethoven. But Beethoven denies having arranged it, and it was originally the Serenade in D op. 8, for violin viola and cello.Nonetheless this, fairly large piece is worth your time: the Nocturne (Notturno) for viola in D op. 42: https://imslp.org/wiki/Notturno_in_D_major%2C_Op.42_(Beethoven%2C_Ludwig_van)

The compiled music dedicated to him is made up of piano and orchestra music by giants such as Carl Czerny, Ferdinand Reis, and Franz Schubert.

Beethoven arranged Mozart’s Clarinet Quintet in A K.581 for solo piano, and had written multiple cadenzas for his 20th piano concerto k466.

Furthering the grandeur of Beethoven is the fact that his music was used in scores of collections compiled by top composers for varying purposes. Some of these musicians are Friedrich Seitz, Alfred Moffat, Willy Burmester, Moritz Moszkowski, C.V. Alkan, and Hans Sitt.